Differentiate Drug Abuse From Dependence?

Question by : Differentiate Drug Abuse From Dependence?

Best answer:

Answer by Camo
Drug abuse is taking more than you need to get high.
Dependence is doing it the next day against reason. The drug tells you to.

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3 Responses to Differentiate Drug Abuse From Dependence?

  • Unazaki says:

    Drug abuse means that you’re using the drug not because you need it to survive, but because just you want to. Dependence means you have to take the drug even if you don’t want to if you want to survive.

  • ? says:

    ‘Drug abuse’ is a derogatory term for self-medication. Opponents of the use of drugs outside of medical guidelines believe than any such use is ‘abuse’.

    ‘Dependence’ refers to user having a desire for a given drug that is difficult to control. There are various mechanisms behind dependence; a drug may trigger a mental reward such as the release of dopamine, teaching the mind to seek the drug again. A drug may replace a chemical previously produced naturally in the body, causing a shortage when the drug is absent. A drug may also fit into a user’s lifestyle to the point where they feel incomplete without it.

  • Mathieu says:

    Dependence can either refer to physical dependence or psychological dependence (or both).

    Contrary to popular belief physical dependency is not addiction at all. Certain drugs of abuse (opioids, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, alcohol, other sedative/hypnotics) can lead to physical dependency however legitimate medical use of drugs also commonly causes dependency. People taking opioids for pain, barbiturates or benzodiazepines for epilepsy, anxiety, or insomnia may become dependent however that alone is not addiction or abuse.

    “Addiction” is not a medical term. There are two official diagnoses, “substance abuse” and “substance dependency”.

    The DSM-IV defines Substance Abuse as a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress as manifested by one (or more) of the following, occurring within a 12-month period:
    1. Recurrent substance use resulting in a failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school, or home (such as repeated absences or poor work performance related to substance use; substance-related absences, suspensions, or expulsions from school; or neglect of children or household).
    2. Recurrent substance use in situations in which it is physically hazardous (such as driving an automobile or operating a machine when impaired by substance use)
    3. Recurrent substance-related legal problems (such as arrests for substance related disorderly conduct)
    4. Continued substance use despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of the substance (for example, arguments with spouse about consequences of intoxication and physical fights).

    Addiction (termed substance dependence by the American Psychiatric Association) is defined as a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress, as manifested by three (or more) of the following, occurring any time in the same 12-month period:
    1. Tolerance, as defined by either of the following:
    (a) A need for markedly increased amounts of the substance to achieve intoxication or the desired effect or
    (b) Markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount of the substance.
    2. Withdrawal, as manifested by either of the following:
    (a) The characteristic withdrawal syndrome for the substance
    or
    (b) The same (or closely related) substance is taken to relieve or avoid withdrawal symptoms.
    3. The substance is often taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than intended.
    4. There is a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control substance use.
    5. A great deal of time is spent in activities necessary to obtain the substance, use the substance, or recover from its effects.
    6. Important social, occupational, or recreational activities are given up or reduced because of substance use.
    7. The substance use is continued despite knowledge of having a persistent physical or psychological problem
    that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by the substance (for example, current cocaine use despite recognition of cocaine-induced depression or continued drinking despite recognition that an ulcer was made worse by alcohol consumption).

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